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General background about this state


Ohio Flag     Ohio Great Seal


OHIO


Cities
  Akron
  Canton
  Cincinnati
  Cleveland
  Columbus
  Dayton
  Lorain
  Parma
  Springfield
  Toledo
  Youngstown





Ohio is a state in the Midwestern United States. It is bordered by Indiana to the west, Michigan and Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania and Virginia to the east, with Virginia and Kentucky to the south.

  • ABBREVIATION: OH
  • NICKNAME: The Buckeye State
  • POPULATION: 11,570,808 (2013 est.)
  • CAPITAL: Columbus
  • STATE BIRD: Cardinal
  • STATE FLOWER: Scarlet Carnation
  • AREA: 44,825 sq. mi.
  • TIME ZONE: Eastern
  • ENTERED UNION: Mar. 1, 1803
  • ALTITUDE: High, 1,549 ft. Campbell Hill
  • CLIMATE: Abundant rainfall. High but not oppressive summer temperatures; cool to cold winters.

 

"As lovely a land as ever lay outdoors" was how a native son, author Sherwood Anderson, described his state. Ohio, whose rough easterly hills fade into the undulating western plains, matches its beauty with prosperity. It is a truism that Ohio was once a great manufacturing center, making everything from shoelace tips (aglets) and machine tools, to blast furnaces, playing cards, and bicycles. It was in a Dayton bicycle shop that Wilbur and Orville Wright designed the first airplane, fulfilling man's ancient dream of flight.

Part of the bed of ancient inland sea rose to form the Allegheny Plateau, which embraces eastern Ohio. This sea left the state rich in both fertile farmland and underground minerals. To this day, intensively worked mines yield billions of dollars for the state from the production of  of lime, made from limestone to produce cement, chemicals, fertilizer and steel. The glaciers which once moved across northern Ohio gave birth to Lake Erie and channeled many of the state's streams southward into the broad Ohio River. That great waterway, which curves first south, then west around the state, early made Ohio a key east-west corridor across the U.S. Located between the iron ore deposits to the northwest and the coal mines of the Alleghenies, Ohio began its career as a great steelmaker in the 1890's. But around the great manufacturing centers which dominate the state, there still lie tens of thousands of farms. Their corn, dairy foods, hogs, cattle and other products give Ohio an agricultural income of over $9 Billion annually.

Ohio coast of Lake Erie
Coast of Lake Erie, Ohio

Recently Ohio has seen a revival of manufacturing opportunities, jobs once lost to overseas manufacturers are returning to the Buckeye state. Manufacturing is on the rebound in Ohio, the region has added more than 54,000 jobs in the state over the past few years. Along with more demand for products made in the U.S., many manufacturers are bringing work back to U.S. factories.

 

FUN FACTS:

  • The Cincinnati Reds were the first professional baseball team.
  • Ohio has the largest Amish-Mennonite community in the world. The Amish and Mennonite Heritage Center is located in Berlin, near New Philadelphia.
  • Marietta, Ohio's first permanent European settlement, was named for the French Queen Marie Antoinette.
  • Twinsburg, located just south of Cleveland, has been hosting the Twin Days Festival every August since 1967. It is attended by more than 3,000 sets of twins from around the world.
  • Cincinnati established the first ambulance service in 1865.
  • Established in 1833, the first interracial and coeducational college in the U.S. was Oberlin College.

 

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