Louisiana's flag displays the
Eastern Brown Pelican (the state bird), from the state seal,
in white and gold, on a field of blue. The mother pelican's
head and outspread wings are displayed covering the three
pelican chicks nested below her. The state motto* is printed
in blue letters on a white banner below the pelicans.
MOTTO: "Union, Justice, and Confidence"
ENTERED UNION: Apr. 30, 1812
FLAG ADOPTED: July 1, 1912 (revised Nov, 10,
COMMENTS: *The flag was revised, featuring a more
detailed pelican than the previous one, as well as
removing the word "and" from the state motto displayed
on the ribbon.
Louisiana's official flag was
adopted in 1912, one hundred years after Louisiana became a
state. The current flag was adopted in November 2010, a
revision of the original pelican design of 1912. The state
bird, the Eastern Brown Pelican, is shown tearing flesh from
her own breast to feed her three young. Original settlers of
the region believed the pelican to be a noble, protective,
nurturing mother, and that in times when food was scarce,
she would tear the flesh from her own body to feed her
- Louisiana is the only state in
the Union that has parishes instead of counties, and that
refers to the Napoleonic Code in its laws.
- Up until 2010 the 24-mile long
Lake Pontchartrain Causeway was the longest bridge
completely over water in the world. (In July 2011 the
Jiaozhou Bay Bridge in China was named by Guinness as
the 'longest bridge over water'.)
- Mardi Gras colors are Purple
(Justice), Gold (Power), and Green (Faith).
- Because of its low water table,
New Orleans has many cemeteries with above-ground tombs.
They are known as cities-of-the-dead because the rows of
tombs resemble city streets.
- Louisiana's Creole society is
made up of descendants of people of Spanish or French
heritage mixed with that of African slaves who gained
freedom before the Civil War.
- Gueydan is known as the "Duck
Capital of America" in recognition of its abundance of