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General background about the Louisiana Flag

Louisiana Flag     Louisiana Great Seal


  Baton Rouge
  Bossier City
  Lake Charles
  New Orleans

Louisiana's flag displays the Eastern Brown Pelican (the state bird), from the state seal, in white and gold, on a field of blue. The mother pelican's head and outspread wings are displayed covering the three pelican chicks nested below her. The state motto* is printed in blue letters on a white banner below the pelicans.

  • MOTTO: "Union, Justice, and Confidence"
  • ENTERED UNION: Apr. 30, 1812
  • FLAG ADOPTED: July 1, 1912 (revised Nov, 10, 2010)
  • COMMENTS: *The flag was revised, featuring a more detailed pelican than the previous one, as well as removing the word "and" from the state motto displayed on the ribbon.


Louisiana's official flag was adopted in 1912, one hundred years after Louisiana became a state. The current flag was adopted in November 2010, a revision of the original pelican design of 1912. The state bird, the Eastern Brown Pelican, is shown tearing flesh from her own breast to feed her three young. Original settlers of the region believed the pelican to be a noble, protective, nurturing mother, and that in times when food was scarce, she would tear the flesh from her own body to feed her young.


Louisiana Flag
State Flag, Louisiana




  • Louisiana is the only state in the Union that has parishes instead of counties, and that refers to the Napoleonic Code in its laws.
  • Up until 2010 the 24-mile long Lake Pontchartrain Causeway was the longest bridge completely over water in the world. (In July 2011 the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge in China was named by Guinness as the 'longest bridge over water'.)
  • Mardi Gras colors are Purple (Justice), Gold (Power), and Green (Faith).
  • Because of its low water table, New Orleans has many cemeteries with above-ground tombs. They are known as cities-of-the-dead because the rows of tombs resemble city streets.
  • Louisiana's Creole society is made up of descendants of people of Spanish or French heritage mixed with that of African slaves who gained freedom before the Civil War.
  • Gueydan is known as the "Duck Capital of America" in recognition of its abundance of waterfowl.


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