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General background about the New Jersey Flag

New Jersey Flag     New Jersey Great Seal


  Atlantic City
  Jersey City
  New Brunswick

New Jersey's official description of its state flag is as follows: "The state flag shall be of buff color, having in the center thereof the arms of the state emblazoned thereon". The colors of the state flag, buff and dark blue (Jersey blue), were the colors George Washington chose for the flag of New Jersey's army regiments during the Revolutionary War.

  • MOTTO: "Liberty and Prosperity"
  • ENTERED UNION: Dec. 18, 1887
  • FLAG ADOPTED: March 11, 1896
  • COMMENTS: The beautiful buff color of the New Jersey State flag dates all the way back to 1779.


New Jersey's state flag is simple, consisting of the State Coat-of-Arms displayed in its center. The coat of arms contains a horse's head; beneath that is a helmet, showing that New Jersey governs itself, and it has three plows on a shield to highlight the state's agriculture tradition, which shows why the state has the nickname "Garden State". The two Goddesses represent the State motto, "Liberty and Prosperity". Liberty is on the left. She is holding a staff with a liberty cap on it, and the word liberty underneath her. The goddess on the right is Ceres, goddess of agriculture. She is holding a cornucopia with prosperity written below her.

According to the minutes of the New Jersey General Assembly for March 11, 1896, the date on which the Assembly officially approved the flag as the state emblem, the buff color is due indirectly to George Washington, who had ordered on October 2, 1779, that the uniform coats of the New Jersey Continental Line be dark (Jersey) blue, with buff facings. Buff-colored facings had until then been reserved only for his own uniform and those of other Continental generals and their aides.

New Jersey Flag
State Flag, New Jersey




  • Beneath the Pine Barrens lie aquifers that hold 17 trillion gallons of fresh water.
  • Early settlers mined the bogs of the Pine Barrens for iron to make nails, kettles, and cannonballs.
  • Famed inventor Thomas Edison filed for more than 400 patents from his laboratory in Menlo Park. During the seven years he worked there, his achievements included perfecting the light bulb and the telephone, inventing the phonograph (record player), and inventing the multiplex telegraph.
  • Cape May became the nation's first seaside resort in 1761. It was named by the Dutch sea captain Cornelius Jacobsen Mey (in English often rendered Cornelius Jacobsen 'May'), who explored the region in 1620. In recognition of its well-preserved Victorian houses it was named a National Historic Landmark City in 1976.
  • The first dinosaur skeleton found in North America was excavated at Haddonfield in 1858. It was named Hadrosaurus on honor of its discovery site.
  • New Jersey is home to the first Indian reservation.


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