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General background about the Texas Flag

Texas Flag     Texas Great Seal


  Corpus Christi
  El Paso
  Fort Worth
  San Antonio

The Texas consists of a blue vertical bar that is 1/3 of the width, containing a single centered white star. The remaining field is equally divided horizontally into a white and red bar.

  • MOTTO: "Friendship"
  • ENTERED UNION: Dec. 29, 1845
  • FLAG ADOPTED: January 25, 1839 (unofficially), 1933 (officially)
  • COMMENTS: The Texas flag is known as the "Lone Star Flag" (giving rise to the state's nickname "The Lone Star State").


Texas has seen a number of flags throughout its history. From 1519 to 1685, the flag of Spain flew overhead. Then, Sieur de La Salle planted the French flag on Texas soil. It flew there, near the Gulf of Mexico, for only five years. Fighting with Native Americans mixed with infighting-one of La Salle's men murdered him-and quickly led to the end of the French presence. After they departed, the Spanish began to establish missions throughout the region, including one that they named Francisco de los Tejas. Tejas means "friends" and eventually its Anglicized form became the name of our twenty-eighth state.

The Spanish flag continued to fly until 1821, when Mexico gained their independence from Spain. So, from 1821 to 1836 the Mexican flag was dominant in Texas. When Santa Anna declared himself dictator of Mexico in 1836, Texas broke off relations with that country. Sam Houston became the president of the Republic of Texas and approved the symbol that is still known as the Lone Star Flag. Its bold design included a blue vertical stripe one-third the flag's width and two horizontal stripes, one red and one white. Within the blue stripe was a single white star.


Texas Flag
State Flag, Texas


On December 29, 1845, Texas ceased to be independent and joined the Union. The United States Congress, in an effort to balance the admission of the free states of Iowa and Wisconsin, accepted Texas as a slave state. The Lone Star flag flew along with the American flag (except during the Civil War) until 1879 when Texas legislators repealed the statutes that described their flag. It was not until 1933 that Texas passed its Flag Act, describing the design of the flag, including the official colors (blood red, azure blue, and white) and the exact location of the star.



  • Texas is bigger than the combined area of all seven countries in Central America. It is also bigger than every country in Europe except Russia.
  • In 1900 a storm surge caused by a hurricane killed over 6000 people in Galveston. (Estimates range anywhere from 6000-12,000 dead)
  • Six national flags have flown over Texas during the course of its history: Spanish, French, Mexican, Texan, Confederate, and American.
  • Texas is noted for having towns with strange names, such as Goodnight, Cut and Shoot, Wink, Muleshoe, North Zulch, Birthright, Turkey, and Noodle. A city named Iraan is made up of the first names of Ira and Ann Yates who struck oil on their farm in 1926.
  • Both the silicon computer chip and the electronic calculator were invented by engineers at a company named Texas Instruments.
  • Most states entered the United States by way of territorial annexation, but Texas is the only state to enter by treaty.


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