Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the
United States. It is also part of the
Western United States and of the Mountain West states. It is the
sixth largest and the 15th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and
largest city is Phoenix.
is one of the Four Corners states. It has borders with
New Mexico, Utah,
California, and Mexico,
and one point in common with the southwestern corner of
Arizona's border with
is 389 miles (626 km) long, on the northern border of the Mexican states of
and Baja California.
Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous
states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood
on February 14, 1912. It was
previously part of the
of Alta California
in New Spain before being passed down to independent
and later ceded to the United States
after the Mexican-American War. The southernmost portion of the state was
acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase.
Arizona is noted for its desert climate in its southern
half, with very hot summers and quite mild winters. The northern half of the
state features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees, a very large,
high plateau (the Colorado Plateau) and some mountain ranges—such as the San
Francisco Mountains—as well as large, deep canyons, with much more moderate
summer temperatures, and significant winter snowfalls. There are ski resorts in
the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, and
Tucson. In addition to the
there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments.
About one-quarter of the state is made up of Indian Reservations that serve as
the home to a number of Native American tribes.
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