Cookery, by Amelia Simmons, was the first known cookbook written by an American,
published in Hartford,
in 1796. Until then, the cookbooks printed and used in the Thirteen Colonies
were British. Its full title is: American Cookery, or the art of dressing
viands, fish, poultry, and vegetables, and the best modes of making pastes,
puffs, pies, tarts, puddings, custards, and preserves, and all kinds of cakes,
from the imperial plum to plain cake: Adapted to this country, and all grades of
life. This book was quite popular and was printed, reprinted and pirated for 30
years after its first appearance. Only four copies of the first edition are
known to exist.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the
northeastern region of the United States
known as New England. It is bordered by
Rhode Island to the east,
Massachusetts to the north, New
York to the west, and Long Island Sound to the south.
Its capital city is Hartford. The
state is named after the Connecticut River, a major
river that approximately bisects the state. The word is a French corruption of
the Algonquian word quinetucket, which means "long tidal river".
Connecticut is the 3rd least extensive, 29th most
populous and 4th most densely populated of the 50 United States. Called the
and "The Land of Steady Habits", it was influential in the development of the
federal government of the United States.
Much of southern and western Connecticut
(along with the majority of the state's population) is part of the
New York metropolitan area: three of
Connecticut's eight counties are statistically included
in the New York City combined
statistical area, which is widely referred to as the Tri-State area.
Connecticut's center of population is in
which is also located within the Tri-State area.
Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutch. They
established a small, short-lived settlement in present-day
at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut
rivers, called Huys de Goede Hoop. Initially, half of
was a part of the Dutch colony, New Netherland, which
included much of the land between the Connecticut
and Delaware rivers. The first
major settlements were established in the 1630s by
England. Thomas Hooker led a band of followers
overland from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded what would become the
Connecticut Colony; other settlers from Massachusetts
founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. The
and New Haven Colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered
the first constitutions in North America. In 1662, the
three colonies were merged under a royal charter, making
a crown colony. This colony was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted
against British rule in the American Revolution.
and ports along Long Island Sound have given Connecticut
a strong maritime tradition, which continues today. The state also has a long
history of hosting the financial-services industry, including insurance
companies in Hartford and hedge
funds in Fairfield
As of the 2010 Census, Connecticut
features the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index (0.962), and
median household income in the United States.
Although it is a wealthy state by most measures, the income gap between its
urban and suburban areas is unusually wide.
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