Nebraska is a state on the Great Plains
of the Midwestern United States. Its state capital is
Lincoln. Its largest city is Omaha,
which is on the Missouri River. The state is crossed by
many historic trails, but it was the California Gold Rush that first brought
large numbers of non-indigenous settlers to the area.
became a state in 1867.
There are wide variations
between winter and summer temperatures, and violent thunderstorms and tornadoes
are common. The state is characterized by treeless prairie, ideal for
cattle-grazing, and it is a major producer of beef, as well as pork, corn, and
Ethnically, the largest
group of Nebraskans are German American. The state also has the largest per
capita population of Czech Americans among U.S.
state is bordered by South Dakota
to the north; Iowa to the east and
Missouri to the southeast, across the
Missouri River; Kansas
to the south; Colorado to the
southwest; and Wyoming to the
west. The state has 93 counties; it occupies the central portion of the Frontier
Strip. Nebraska is split into two
Central Time zone comprises the eastern half of the state, while the western
half observes Mountain Time. Three rivers cross the state from west to east. The
formed by the confluence of the North Platte
and the South Platte, runs through the central portion of
the state, the
flows through the northern part, and the Republican River
runs across the southern part.
Nebraska is composed of two major land regions: the
Dissected Till Plains and the Great Plains. The
easternmost portion of the state was scoured by Ice Age glaciers; the Dissected
Till Plains were left behind after the glaciers retreated. The Dissected Till
Plains is a region of gently rolling hills; Omaha
and Lincoln are in this region.
Great Plains occupy the majority of western Nebraska.
The Great Plains region consists of several smaller,
diverse land regions, including the Sandhills, the Pine Ridge, the
the High Plains and the Wildcat Hills. Panorama Point, at 5,424 feet (1,653 m),
is the highest point in
Nebraska; despite its name and
elevation, it is a relatively low rise near the Colorado
and Wyoming borders.
tourism slogan was "Where the West Begins"; locations given for the beginning of
the "West" include the Missouri River, the intersection
of 13th and O Streets in Lincoln
(where it is marked by a red brick star), the 100th meridian, and Chimney Rock.
Nebraska is a triply landlocked
state, as it does not border the ocean, nor do any of the states it borders, nor
any that they border.
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