New Hampshire is a state in the New England
region of the northeastern United States of
America. The state was named after the southern
It is bordered by Massachusetts
to the south, Vermont to the west,
Maine and the Atlantic
Ocean to the east, and the Canadian
to the north. New Hampshire is the
5th smallest, and the 9th least populous of the 50 United States.
became the first of the British North American colonies to break away from
in January 1776, and six months later was one of the original 13 states that
founded the United States of America.
In June 1788, it became the ninth state to ratify the United States
Constitution, bringing that document into effect. New
was the first U.S.
state to have its own state constitution.
known internationally for the New Hampshire
primary, the first primary in the U.S.
presidential election cycle. Concord
is the state capital, while Manchester
is the largest city in the state. It has no general sales tax, nor is personal
income (other than interest and dividends) taxed at either the state or local
Its license plates carry
the state motto: "Live Free or Die". The state's nickname, "The Granite State",
refers to its extensive granite formations and quarries.
prominent individuals from New Hampshire are founding father Nicholas Gilman,
Senator Daniel Webster, Revolutionary War hero John Stark, editor Horace
Greeley, founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy, poet Robert
Frost, astronaut Alan Shepard, and author Dan Brown. Additionally, actor Adam
Sandler grew up, but was not born in, the state. New
Hampshire has produced one president: Franklin Pierce.
some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast, New Hampshire's major
recreational attractions include skiing, snowmobiling, and other winter sports,
hiking and mountaineering, observing the fall foliage, summer cottages along
many lakes and the seacoast, motor sports at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway,
and Motorcycle Week, a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beach near Laconia
in June. The White
links the Vermont
and Maine portions of the
Appalachian Trail, and boasts the Mount
Washington Auto Road, where visitors may drive to the
top of 6,288-foot (1,917 m) Mount Washington.
is internationally famous for the New Hampshire
primary, the first primary in the quadrennial American presidential election
cycle. State law requires that the Secretary of State schedule this election at
least one week before any "similar event." However, the
caucus has preceded the New Hampshire
primary. This primary, as the nation's first contest that uses the same
procedure as the general election, draws more attention than those in other
states, and has often been decisive in shaping the national contest.
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