Washington is a state in the Pacific
Northwest region of the United States
located north of Oregon, west of
Idaho, and south of the Canadian
British Columbia on
the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Named after George
Washington, the first President of the United
States, the state was made out of the western
part of the
Territory which had
been ceded by Britain
in 1846 by the Oregon Treaty as a settlement of the Oregon Boundary Dispute. It
was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889.
Washington is the 18th most extensive and the 13th most
populous of the 50 United States. Approximately 60 percent of
Washington's residents live in the
metropolitan area, the center of transportation, business, and industry along
the Puget Sound region of the
an inlet of the Pacific consisting of numerous islands, deep fjords, and bays
carved out by glaciers. The remainder of the state consists of deep rainforests
in the west, mountain ranges in the west, central, northeast and far southeast,
and a semi-arid basin region in the east, central, and south, given over to
intensive agriculture. After
is the second most populous state on the West Coast and in the
Western United States.
Washington is a leading lumber producer. Its rugged
surface is rich in stands of Douglas fir, hemlock, ponderosa and white pine,
spruce, larch, and cedar. The state is the biggest producer of apples, hops,
pears, red raspberries, spearmint oil, and sweet cherries, and ranks high in the
production of apricots, asparagus, dry edible peas, grapes, lentils, peppermint
oil, and potatoes. Livestock and livestock products make important contributions
to total farm revenue and the commercial fishing catch of salmon, halibut, and
bottom fish makes a significant contribution to the state's economy.
Manufacturing industries in Washington
include aircraft and missiles, shipbuilding and other transportation equipment,
lumber, food processing, metals and metal products, chemicals, and machinery.
has over 1,000 dams, including the Grand Coulee Dam, built for a variety of
purposes including irrigation, power, flood control, and water storage.
its official, unambiguous name is "The State of Washington," the state's name is
often reversed and referred to as "Washington
to distinguish it from
named for George Washington. Another nickname is "the
Its largest city is Seattle,
situated in the west, followed by Spokane,
located in the east, and its capital is Olympia.
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