is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the
United States. It is bordered on the north and
east by New York
on the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean, on the
west by Pennsylvania, and on the
southwest by Delaware.
New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state, but the
11th-most populous and the most densely populated of the 50
United States. New Jersey
lies entirely within the combined statistical areas of New
York City and Philadelphia.
It is also the second-wealthiest U.S.
state by median household income, according to the 2008–2012 American Community
The area was inhabited by Native
Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape
along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes made the
first European settlements. The English later seized control of the region,
naming it the
of New Jersey.
It was granted as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron
Berkeley of Stratton. At this time, it was named after the largest of the
Jersey, Carteret's birthplace.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles
during the American Revolutionary War.
In the 19th century, factories in
cities such as Camden,
helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's
geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between
and New York City to the northeast,
to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization
in the 1950s and beyond.
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